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Jeffrey Sweeney is an investment banker with years of experience in direct lending and corporate finance for small- to middle-market companies. He is the chairman and CEO of US Capital Partners, an innovator in small- to middle-market business lending. US Capital Partners has been providing prompt, innovative, and reliable financing solutions across the United States and abroad for more than a decade.

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Market Insights: Capex Spurs the Bull

One of the complaints about earnings growth since the 2008 recession is that some of it may be attributed to “financial engineering.” Corporations report earnings per share (EPS). One way to increase EPS is to buy stock (shares) back. This reduces the denominator of the earnings/shares equation which increases EPS.

A reduction of share count to increase EPS is not the same as revenue growth. Share buybacks can make earnings per share grow although the company is experiencing no sales growth.

In the hierarchy of growth that investors want to see and are willing to pay for, revenue growth is king. For example, Amazon (AMZN) reported its third quarter earnings on October 26. Net sales increased by 34% year-over-year. Operating income decreased by -40% year-over-year and EPS was flat at $0.52.

At market close on October 26, AMZN was $972.42 per share. Amazon then reported the earnings results described above. The stock is now trading at about $1,125 per share, up nearly 16%.

Why, you may wonder, would AMZN appreciate by 16% when operating earnings are down -40% and there is no EPS growth? Fundamentally, it is because the company has strong sales growth and is investing in a diversified set of business activities which look to keep real growth strong for years to come. Investors believe that eventually there will be enormous profits on giant revenues.

For the S&P 500, it looks like earnings expanded by 9.5% year-over-year in the third quarter. It was the fifth straight quarter of positive earnings growth. Earnings growth tends to lead capital expenditures which tends to create revenue growth. What the first chart above and the chart below show is that buybacks are slowing and capital expenditures are picking up. This should be viewed in a positive light, as it signals that companies are focusing more on investing and growing their business over the long-term (revenue growth), as opposed to reaping short-term EPS benefits of buybacks.

As the expansion ages and return expectations fall, capex is one metric that if it remains positive, could significantly extend the secular bull market.

As we approach 2018 and consider adjusting investment allocations for the New Year, we invite you to give us a call at (415) 249-6337, visit or email us at if you have questions about how we can assist you in managing your investment accounts.

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